Present Indefinite Tense- Definition, Terms of use & examples

The present indefinite tense describes an action in the present time. It also describes habitual actions and universal truth. The present simple is a present tense verb with two main meanings. we use the present simple when the action is happening right now or when it happens often (or does not stop. That is why it is sometimes called the current indefinite). The present simple tense is formed using the basic form or by adding -s or -es at the end of the verb. Examples are-

  • We go to school
  • He goes to school.
  • India is a beautiful country.
  • Bangladesh is an evergreen country in the world.
  • We drink water.
  • Time and tide wait for none.
  • I see a bird.

Structure of Present indefinite Tense/ Present simple tense

Subject+ Present form of the verb+Object/Extension. Examples are given below-

  • I read the novel.
  • He reads a book.
  • It rains in the morning.
  • They like their leader.

Note: If the subject is third person and singular number, at the end of the verb, ‘S’ or ‘ES’ will be added. Examples are-

  • He eats rice,
  • He goes to school every day.

Here we see that ‘He’ is the third person and singular number. So, ‘s’ or ‘es’ are placed after the verb. If there is a vowel at the end of the verb, ‘es‘ will be added and if there is a consonant, ‘s’ will be added.

Present Indefinite Tense

Terms of use (Present Indefinite Tense)

Universal Truths

Present indefinite tense expresses all universal truths. Present simple tense always reveals all kinds of eternal truths and facts. Examples-

  • The sun rises in the east.
  • Water has no color.
  • Man is mortal.
  • The sky is blue.
  • The moon has no own light
  • There is no destruction of energy
  • Energy changes its form

Habitual Facts

Present Simple Tense/Present indefinite tense always reveals all kinds of habitual work or facts. Examples-

  • I go to bed at ten o’clock.
  • He exercises in the morning.
  • Fishermen fish in the river.
  • Indians always like to eat spicy food.
  • People in China eat more noodles

The near future

The present indefinite tense reveals what will happen in the near future. Examples-

  • Ramadan begins in the next month.
  • All schools open in the next week.

The words often usually, sometimes, always, occasionally, on Fridays, twice every day, every week, etc express present indefinite tense. Examples:

  • I occasionally go to the market.
  • She always goes shopping.

The work of the past means the work of the present

Verbs that cannot be in continuous forms, for example; love, see, believe, understand, feel, look, hear, smell, taste, think, expect, assume, etc are used in simple present tense instead of present continuous tense. Example in sentences-
  • I see a bird ( Not I am seeing a bird),
  • I love you. (Not I am loving you.)
  • They understand the matter. (Not they are understanding the matter.)
  • I feel pain in my stomach. (Not I am feeling pain in my stomach)
  • She looks at me. ( not she is looking at me)
  • I hear the news. (Not I am hearing the news).
  • I smell the recipe. (Not I am smelling the recipe).
  • She tastes the salt of the recipe. ( Not she is tasting the salt of the recipe).
  • They think positively. ( Not they are thinking positively.)
  • I expect a better result. (Not I am expecting a better result)

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