Relative pronoun examples- definition, usages & exercises

The word ‘Re’ means back and the word ‘Lative’ means relationship. So the pronoun that sits after the mentioned earlier noun and relates to it and adds two sentences to it is called a relative pronoun. Relative pronoun examples are given below-

Examples-

  • I saw the fisherman. He was catching fish.
  • Relative pronoun: I saw the fisherman who was catching fish.
  • This is the house. I want to buy it.
  • Relative pronoun: This is the house which/that I want to buy.
  • We helped the boy. His father died last year.
  • Relative Pronoun: We helped the boy whose father was died last year.
  • The man is a famous doctor. I met him on the plane.
  • Relative pronoun:  The man whom I met on the plane is a famous doctor.

Relative Pronouns Examples

There are only five relative pronouns in total. They are:

Who (Replaces the issue pronoun, including I, he, she, we, and that they)
Whom (Replaces item pronouns, such as me, him, and her)
Whose (Shows ownership or possession )
Which (Used in a non-defining clause approximately an animal or item, that means they offer extra statistics approximately the issue)
That (Used in a defining clause and describes someone or thing, that means it allows to  discover the object)
Whoever and whomever also are on occasion taken into consideration as relative pronouns, and they normally confer with someone in an extra preferred sense

Use of Relative Pronouns

Relative Pronoun Usages  Example
Whom It replaces object pronouns like him, her me The boy whom they found was sent house.
whose It indicates  possession or relationship This is the man whose pen I borrowed.
which It is used for objects and animals The ship, which was waiting in dock yeard, was ready for shipment.
who It is used for people: succeeds  subject pronouns like I, she, he, we, they It was my brother who broke the house door.
that It is used for people and things This is the house that I bought for the residence.

Techniques of using relative Pronouns  with relative pronoun examples

When we use relative pronouns, we normally place them right now after the phrase is being changed with the aid of using a relative clause:

• Jhon became the most effective pupil who knew the proper answer. We also can use commas to split the relative clause from the impartial clause. When we do, we normally nonetheless attempt to place the relative clause properly after the phrase it modifies:

• Jumpa sat in his car, which became parked with the aid of using a software pole. In general, we don’t separate out a relative clause with commas if it’s far a restrictive clause (it identifies the factor it modifies), however, we do use commas if it’s far a nonrestrictive clause (it describes the factor it modifies). For example,

• Restrictive clause: I discovered the lady who wrote the note.

• Nonrestrictive clause: Stephanie, whose status with the aid of using the door, wrote the note. Because they’re pronouns, relative pronouns nearly continually introduce subordinate clauses that describe nouns or different pronouns.

Pronoun Examples

Modifies a noun: The squirrel that I became looking for climbed up the tree.

Modifies a pronoun: Look withinside the container of papers and hand me one this is blank.

Who and whom (Relative pronoun examples)

The phrases who and whom regularly reason human beings difficulty. Remember: who’s used as a topic and who is used as an object. A beneficial tip to determine which of those phrases you need to use is to alternative the phrase they or them and notice which makes extra experience in a sentence. Whom and they each result in M and are each most effectively used as objects. If it makes experience to apply them, it’s going to additionally make experience to apply whom. Let’s examine a few examples:

• The corporation employed courses (who/whom) who spoke Spanish.

• Dennis became the only (who/whom) Albert gave the keys to.

In the primary sentence, the courses are those that communicate Spanish. We could say that they communicate in Spanish so we use the phrase who. In the second sentence, Dennis obtained the keys from Albert. We could say that Albert gave him the keys so we use the phrase whom. We use who and whom to consult human beings. Some fashion courses additionally permit who and whom to consult named animals. Grammatically, it’s miles taken into consideration incorrect to apply who and whom to consult objects.

Correct: Lisa is the lady whom I like.

Sometimes correct: Cupcake the Elephant became the only one who painted this picture.

Incorrect: We went to the residence who became on the quit of the street.

That and which (Relative Pronoun Examples)

Both that and which are used to offer extra records. Typically, we use the phrase which to introduce nonessential records and the phrase that to introduce essential records. How do you understand in case you need to use that or which? If the records may be eliminated without affecting the means of the sentence, you could use which. If the records are essential to the means of the sentence, you could use that. For example, we have a sentence that reads:

• The bouquet, which consisted of roses and tulips, appeared actually beautiful.

If we dispose of the relative clause, the sentence reads The bouquet appeared actually beautiful. While we recognize much less approximately the bouquet, the sentence nonetheless expresses the equal that means. It nonetheless tells us that the bouquet became nice to examine. Because the records aren’t always essential, we will use the pronoun which. Now, examine this sentence:

• Jakie desired to shop for a residence that had a basement.

Explanation

If we dispose of the relative clause this time, our sentence reads Jakie desired to shop for a residence. Unlike before, the sentence has an extraordinary meaning. Our unique sentence said that Jakie became interested in a selected sort of residence: one with a basement. Our new sentence says that Jakie could purchase any residence no matter whether or not or now no longer had a basement. Because the relative clause is essential to the means of the sentence, we will use the pronoun that.

Because of this the pronoun is nearly continually utilized in restrictive clauses.

 Correct: This is the enjoyment park that has the tallest Ferris wheel.

Incorrect: This is the enjoyment park, that has the tallest Ferris wheel.

 

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