Transformation of Sentences- Transformation Rules with Examples

Transformation of sentences means changing sentence structure without changing the meaning. The meaning of the sentence remains unchanged but the structure of the sentence can be modified. In this article, we will learn how to change the sentence not to change the meaning.

Affirmative to Negative

Rule-01

If there is ‘only’ or ‘alone’ in an affirmative sentence and it refers to Allah / god or a person, then that ‘None but’ has to be used instead of  ‘only’ or ‘alone’ at the beginning of the answer sentence. Examples

  • Affirmative: Only God can help us.
  • Negative: None But God can help us.
  • Affirmative: Only he can do the work
  • Negative: None but he can do the work.

Rule-2

If “only/alone” indicates an object in the affirmative sentence, then “only / alone” should be removed, and “nothing but” should be used in that place. Examples-

  • Affirmative: A child likes only sweets
  • Negative: A child likes nothing but sweets.
  • Affirmative: He drinks only tea.
  • Negative: He drinks nothing but tea.

Rule-3

If “only”  indicates the number in a sentence, then in the answer sentence, instead of ‘only’, sit in that place, ‘not more than’ or ‘not less than’. Examples-

  • Affirmative: He is only ten
  • Negative: He is not less than ten
  • Affirmative: Jack is only twenty-two.
  • Negative: Jack is not more than twenty-two.

Transformation of Sentences

Rule-4

If there is a ‘Must’ in the affirmative sentence, when the negative is done, instead of the ‘Must’, the “can not but/ can not help’ is used, but after the ‘cannot help‘, the  ‘ING’  has to be added after the verb. Examples-

  • Affirmative: We must yield to our fate.
  • Negative: we can not but yield to our fate.
  • Affirmative: You must obey your parents.
  • Negative: You can not help yielding your parents.

Rule-5

If you want to make an affirmative sentence with both — and/and to negative, you have to use not only ….. but also sometimes at the beginning and sometimes at the middle of the answer sentence. Examples-

  • Affirmative: Both Jack and Janifer are good friends.
  • Negative: Not only Jack but also Janifar are good friends.
  • Affirmative: He took coffee and ice cream.
  • Negative: He took not only coffee but also ice cream.

Rule-6

To make ‘every’ negative, instead of ‘every’, first, sit ‘there is no’ + the word after ‘every’ sits + the rest of the given sentence. Examples-

  • Affirmative: Everyone hates a liar.
  • Negative: There is no one but hates a liar.
  • Affirmative: Every mother loves her child.
  • Negative: There is no mother but loves her child.

Rule-7

To make ‘as soon as’ negative ‘no sooner had‘ places in place of ‘as soon as’ + the subject of that sentence sits + the past participle of the main verb of that sentence sits + the rest of that sentence + Than + sits the second part of that sentence. Examples-

  • Affirmative: As soon as the thief saw the police, he ran away.
  • Negative: No sooner had the thief seen the police than he ran away.
  • Affirmative: As soon as the teacher entered the room, students stood up.
  • Negative: No sooner had the teacher entered the room than the students stood up.

Rule-8

If the superlative degree is negative, the following structure should be followed

Structure: No other+Remaining parts of superlative+Verb+Positive of superlative degree+as + subject of that sentence. Examples

  • Affirmative: He is the best boy in the class.
  • Negative: No other boy in the class is so good as he.
  • Affirmative: Messi is the best footballer in the world.
  • Negative: No other footballer in the world is good as Messi.

Rule-9

When making an affirmative sentence to negative, the affirmative word in the sentence should be made negative, and “not’ should be placed before the negative word. Examples-

  • Affirmative: I shall remember you.
  • Negative: I shall not forget you.
  • Affirmative:  This is an extraordinary ship.
  • Negative: This is not an ordinary ship.

Rule-10

To negate the “always” added affirmative sentence, instead of “always”, “never” sits and the affirmative word sits opposite. Examples=

  • Affirmative: I always agreed with him.
  • Negative: I never disagreed with him.
  • Affirmative: Trump was always punctual.
  • Negative” Trump was never late.

Rule-11

To …… Too an affirmative sentence with negative rules. Examples-

  • Affirmative: He is too weak to go.
  • Negative: He is so weak that he can not go.
  • Affirmative: Jack was too poor to buy a chain for his girlfriend.
  • Negative: Jack was so poor that he could not buy a chain for his girlfriend

Rule-12

‘As … as’ is the rule to make the attached affirmative sentence negative. The first sits ‘as’ then not less than’ the last. Examples-

  • Affirmative: He is as wise as you.
  • Negative: He is not less than you.

Rule-13

‘Sometimes’ can be changed ‘always’. Examples-

  • Affirmative: My friend sometimes visits me.
  • Negative: My friend does not always visit me.

Rule-14

‘Many’, ‘a few’ ‘a little’ and ‘much’ attached affirmative sentences can be changed negative sentences by using ‘not a few’, ‘not many’, ‘not much’ and ‘not a little’. Examples-

  • Affirmative: There are many students in the class.
  • Negative: There are not a few students  in the class
  • Affirmative: I have a few friends
  • Negativ: I have not many friends.
  • Affirmative: I have a little rice.
  • Negative: I have not much rice.
  • Affirmative: He has much money.
  • Negative: He has not a little money.

Assertive to Interrogative (Transformation of Sentences)

The rule of making an assertive sentence an interrogative sentence without changing the meaning. We can explain these rules with examples-

  • Assertive: He is absent from the meeting.
  • Interrogative: Isn’t he absent from the meeting?
  • Assertive: He is not a good student.
  • Interrogative: Is he a good student?
  • Assertive: He plays football.
  • Interrogative: Doesn’t he play football.
  • Assertive: I never drink tea.
  • Interrogative: Do I ever drink tea?
  • Assertive: Everyone hates a liar.
  • Interrogative: Who doesn’t hate a liar?
  • Assertive:  every man must die
  • Interrogative: Is there any man who will not die?
  • Assertive: Nobody could ever count my for you.
  • Interrogative: Could anybody count my love for you?
  • Assertive: There is no use of this law.
  • Interrogative:  What is the use of this law?
  • Assertive: It does not matter if we lose the game.
  • Interrogative: What though matter if we lose the game.

Exclamatory to Assertive (Transformation of Sentences)

It is very simple to change exclamatory to assertive. Just we have to see the following examples-

  • Exclamatory: What a fine bird it is!
  • Assertive: It is a very fine bird.
  • Exclamatory: Hurrah! we have won the game.
  • Assertive: It is a matter of joy that we have won the game.
  • Exclamatory: If I were a King!
  • Assertive: I wish I were a king.
  • Exclamatory: Had I the wings of a bird!
  • Assertive: I wish had the wings of the bird.
  • Exclamatory: Would that I could be a child again!
  • Assertive: I wish I could Be a child again.

Assertive to Exclamatory (Transformation of Sentences)

Structure: What/How+Adjective+Subject+ Verb+ Extension( if any)+ Note of Exclamation. We follow examples then this structure will be clear.

  • Assertive: It is a very beautiful garden.
  • Exclamatory: What a beautiful garden it is!
  • Assertive: The garden is very beautiful.
  • Exclamatory: How beautiful the garden is!
  • Assertive: I wish I had the wings of the birds.
  • Exclamatory: Had I the wings of a bird!

Assertive to Imperative

For the second Person rule in the Imperative sentence. Examples-

  • Assertive: You should do the work
  • Imperative: Do the work.
  • Assertive: You do not go out.
  • Imperative: Do not go out
  • Assertive: You should never tell a lie.
  • Imperative:  Never tell a lie.

For the first & third persons rule in the Imperative sentence. Examples-

  • Assertive: He plays football.
  • Imperative: Let him play football.
  • Assertive: We do not hate the poor.
  • Imperative: Let us not hate the poor.

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