Types of Pronoun- Definition of each pronouns with examples

The pronoun is a word that is used instead of a noun. Pronouns are the same as nouns. They play a role as replacements or substitutes for nouns. Pronouns are used as subjects or objects of verbs. Pronouns have historically been thought to be one of the elements of speech, however, some fashionable theorists wouldn’t take into account creating one class, in sight of the variability of functions they perform cross-linguistically. There are basically nine types of pronoun. We will discuss the classification and definition of each pronoun with examples.

Types of Pronoun

The nine types of pronouns with examples are-

  • Personal Pronouns– I, we, you, he, she, it,  they, etc
  • Demonstrative pronouns– This, that, such, these, those
  • Interrogative Pronouns– Who, which, what, whose, whom.
  • Relative Pronouns- Who, which, that, what, whom, whose, but, the same …………as, such………………..as
  • Indefinite Pronouns-One, some, any, none, both, many
  • Distributive Pronouns-Each, either, every, either
  • Reflexive Pronouns-Myself, ourselves, yourself, yourselves, himself, herself, themselves
  • Emphatic(Intensive) Pronouns-Myself, ourselves, yourself, yourselves
  • Reciprocal Pronouns- Each other, one another

Types of Pronoun

Personal Pronouns ( Types of Pronouns)

Personal pronouns can be classified according to person, number, gender, and case. There are three persons- first, second, and third, and two numbers- singular and plural in the English language. In the third person singular, there are also different pronoun forms for the masculine, feminine, and neutral gender. There are two cases in personal pronouns, subject, and object. Subject pronouns are used in the subject position. Object pronouns are used for the object position of a verb. The personal pronouns chart-

Person Number Case
Subject Object
First Person Singular I Me
Plural We Us
Second Person Singular You
Third Third Singular He Him
She Her
They Them
Plural They Them

Demonstrative Pronouns (Types of Pronoun)

The pronouns which are used as alternatives of persons and things and indicate them are called demonstrative pronouns. Demonstrative pronouns indicate and identify a noun or pronoun. Examples are-

  • This is my Book.
  • That is your ball.
  • These are my pens.
  • Those are my pencils.

Interrogative Pronouns

The pronouns are used for asking questions are called interrogative pronouns.  Question words or interrogative words are functional words used to ask questions, like what, what, when, where, who how, why, when, and how. The end of the sentence must have the sign of interrogation. some examples are-

  • What do you want?
  • Who the work?
  • Which is your brother?
  • Whom did you meet yesterday?
  • Whose car do you drive?

Relative Pronouns

A relative pronoun is a pronoun that denotes a relative clause. It is intended to bind modifying information about an antecedent speaker. An example is a word that appears in the sentence, “This is the house Zampa built.” Here is the relative pronoun that follows the relative clause “Zampa built”, which modifies the noun house in the main clause. It has an anaphoric relation to its predecessor “house” in the main clause. Some common examples are given below-

  • I saw the fisherman who was catching fish.
  • This is the house which/that I want to buy.
  • we helped the girl whose father died last year.
  • The man whom I met on the bus is a famous doctor.

Indefinite Pronouns (Types of Pronoun)

An indefinite pronoun is a pronoun that does not have a specific known reference. Indefinite pronouns are in contrast to certain pronouns. Indefinite pronouns can represent countable or uncountable nouns. They often have related forms in these categories: One, any, both, some, none, other, many, few, some, several. all, etc are indefinite pronouns. Examples-

  • Any of the boys can do the work.
  • Some are born meritorious.
  • Both of them are reliable.
  • None of them helped him.
  • One should do one’s duty

Distributive Pronouns

The pronouns that distinguish between two or more persons or objects are called distributive pronouns. A distributive pronoun looks at the members of a group separately and not collectively.

  • Each of the boys will get a pen.
  • Either of the two pens will do.
  • Neither of the two pens is good.
  • Every one of them is present.

Here (Each, either, neither, everyone)  are Distributive pronouns.

Reciprocal Pronouns

A reciprocal pronoun is a pronoun used to indicate that two or more people are performing or have performed an action, both of which receive the benefits or consequences of that action at the same time. A reciprocal pronoun is a pronoun that indicates a mutual relationship. Examples are-

  • The two brothers help each other.
  • They love one another.
  • The two boys struck each other

Reflexive Pronouns

When self or selves add with personal pronouns and take the position of the object in a sentence is called reflexive pronouns. It is used when the subject and object are the same in the sentence.  Examples-

  • He killed himself.
  • I hurt myself.
  • They talked to themselves.
  • She fans herself.
  • One should not think oneself great.
  • You should take care of yourself.
  • You have done it yourselves.

Emphatic(Intensive) Pronouns

The pronouns that sit after the nouns or pronouns indicate and emphasize them are called emphatic or intensive pronouns.  Intensive pronoun formation is the same as a reflexive pronoun but sentence structure is different. Some examples are-

  • I myself went there.
  • We ourselves arranged the party.
  • He himself did the work.
  • They talked to the principal himself.

In the above examples, we see that all reflexive pronouns take place after the nouns or pronouns and emphasize them. That’s why They are emphatic or intensive pronouns.

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